UTIs are generally diagnosed by asking about your symptoms. Sometimes, a urine test will be done to confirm. If you experience recurrent cystitis, a urine culture may be done to learn more about the infection and its cause.
The symptoms of a UTI include:
- Pain, burning or stinging when urinating
- Urge to urinate quickly and frequently
- Strong smelling urine
- Blood in urine
- Lower abdominal pain
A urine test involves inserting a dipstick into a urine sample. A dipstick is a card strip with patches containing different chemicals. This is dipped into the urine to identify the presence of blood, glucose (sugar), protein, infection and other factors.
It is worth noting that the symptoms of UTIs can also be caused by other conditions. If your urine test is negative or if your symptoms do not resolve after treatment with antibiotics, you may be evaluated for the following diseases: STIs, cervicitis, vaginitis, or pelvic inflammatory disease.