You might find yourself getting flushed, face turning red, burning when you skincare product. You might first brush it off as acne, skin problems, or just natural redness. If you look like your blushing with small skin bumps that look like acne, you likely have a condition called rosacea. Rosacea is a long-term common condition in middle-aged women who have fair skin; however, the symptoms are worse in men. The symptoms present with redness of the face and visible blood vessels in the face. It might also present with small, red, pus-filled bumps. These symptoms might come in cycles, where it flares up then disappears for a while. There is currently no cure for rosacea but there are treatments out there to managed and control the symptoms. Your doctor can prescribe you medication or treatments to help manage them or there are steps you can at home to make yourself feel better.
There have been no findings behind the causes of rosacea, but there are known triggers that make the symptoms worse. The triggers are:
By avoiding these known triggers, you can prevent the symptoms of rosacea from presenting.
There is no specific diagnostic tool that is used to diagnose rosacea. Your doctor relies on the history you give them and the symptoms you present with. They might also do an examination of your skin. They might carry out tests to rule out other conditions that present with the same symptoms such as psoriasis, eczema, or lupus.
Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory condition that occurs due to a blocked hair follicle in the skin. This blockage usually involves oil or skin cells. You may notice these other symptoms:
Seborrheic dermatitis is a form of chronic eczema. It appears where there are a large number of sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands) like the upper back, nose, and scalp. It can present with these symptoms:
Perioral dermatitis is an inflammatory condition resulting in a rash around the mouth. It is more common in women between the ages of 16 to 45. It presents with:
These may resemble acne in appearance.
Carcinoid syndrome occurs then a rare cancerous tumor (carcinoid tumor) releases chemicals into the bloodstream. This results in a variety of symptoms usually in people with advanced carcinoid tumors. The symptoms are:
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory condition causing inflammation to joints, skin and other organs. This condition occurs when the body attacks its own organs and tissues. SLE does not present identically in different people. They may present suddenly or gradually over a period of time. Common symptoms of SLE are:
Rosacea can cause embarrassment or anxiety. You might become more self-conscious about your appearance and upset about the way others react to your face. Talking to a counselor can help you tackle these feelings. There are also rosacea support groups that will put you in contact with others facing the same problem. Remember you are not alone, there are others out there affected by the same condition.